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Experimental assessment of time-reversed OFDM underwater communications

J.P. Gomes
ISR - Instituto Superior Técnico, 1000 Lisboa, Portugal
A. Silva
and S.M.Jesus ,
ISR, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal

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Ref.: Proc. ACOUSTICS'08, p. 670-674, Paris, France,2008.

Abstract OFDM communication has recently been demonstrated in underwater channels at rates exceeding 7 kbps. This is a popular modulation in wireless communications due to its flexibility for spectrum management and the simplicity of transmitters/receivers.
Despite widespread interest, experimental data on the performance of underwater OFDM are scarce. This work aims to contribute to a better understanding of this technique by examining results from the UAB’07 experiment, conducted in Norway in September 2007. Data were transmitted in a fjord using several formats with bandwidths of 3 and 7.5 kHz, and recorded at a range of 800 m in a 16-hydrophone array. Significant multipath was observed over at least 40 ms, which would call for a rather large OFDM prefix/guard interval and hence drastically reduce the data rate. Passive time reversal is used here as a computationally inexpensive scheme to shorten the channel length to less than 10 ms, so that moderate guard intervals can be used with a conventional OFDM receiver. The same preamble/postamble signals used for synchronization and Doppler precompensation are reused as probes for passive time reversal, so the latter entails no loss in efficiency. The performance of time-reversed OFDM is compared with plain QPSK modulation using either time reversal or multichannel equalization at the receiver.