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Acoustic prediction using a feature-oriented regional modeling system and acoustic inversion

G. Codato,1,
L. Calado,1,
N.E. Martins2,
W.D. Watanabe,1,
R.M. Domingues,1, (email not available)
S.M. Jesus2,
1 Departamento de Pesquisas, IEAPM, Brazilian Navy, Rua Kioto, 253 - Praia dos Anjos, Arraial do Cabo, 28930000, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
2LARSyS, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, PT-8005-139 Faro, Portugal

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Ref.: in Proc. of Meetings on Acoustics (POMA), Acoustical Society of America, no.17, 070052, January 2013.

Abstract: Acoustic prediction for future time frames usually suffer from uncertainties in ocean forecasts, due to the extreme sensitivity of acoustic propagation to the ocean environment. The current work assesses the feasibility of combining a Feature-Oriented Regional Modelling System (FORMS) with acoustic inversion outcomes, for acoustic prediction in the Cabo Frio (Brazil) coastal area. First, the oceanographic prediction model is tested for acoustic applications. Two numerical acoustic simulations were performed, with an acoustic model having as input two different initial fields: i) in situ hydrographic data from the OAEx10 sea trial, and ii) the oceanographic modelling system outputs. The simulations were compared in terms of transmission loss (TL), detection probability and impulse response. The second stage of this work concerned acoustic data-model comparison, for OAEx10. Experimental impulse responses correlated fairly well with modelled ones corresponding to the forecasts, with values between 0.72 and 0.89. In an attempt to increase these values, the acoustic data was inverted, for the basement compressional speed, whose estimates led to increased impulse response correlations of as high as 0.96. In summary, the prediction of the acoustic field can be well accomplished by combining a FORMS technique with an acoustic inversion scheme.