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Vector Sensor Steering-Dependent Performance in an Underwater Acoustic Communication Field Experiment

F. Bozzi and S.M. Jesus
LARSyS, University of Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal

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Ref.: Sensors 22, 8332, October 2022

This paper shows the performance resulting from combining vector sensor directional components in an underwater acoustic communication experiment. The objective is to relate per- formance with transmission direction and range. Receiver structures based on beamforming and passive time-reversal are tested in order to quantify and compare the steerability impact of vector sensor directional components. A shallow water experiment is carried out with a bottom fixed two-axis pressure-gradient vector sensor. A ship suspended acoustic source transmits coherent modulated communication signals at various ranges and from several directions. Results show that one vector sensor can provide an up to 10 times smaller error bit rate than a pressure sensor, favoring communication robustness without size penalty.